as Caesar (under Diocletian) AD 293 - 305
as Augustus AD 305 - 311
Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus:
Son-in low of Diocletian;
Husband of Galeria Valeria;
Father of Maximilla (wife of Maxentius);
Father-in-law of Maxentius;
Uncle od Maximinus II Daia.
Galerius hailed from Dacia and came from a peasant background. Service in the army opened a career for him and when the Tetrarchy was established in 293 he was named Caesar, and for twelve years exercised mounting influence over Diocletian's policies, particularly his anti-Christian and military reforms. When Diocletian and maximian stepped down in 305, he became Augustus by right, with direct control over the Balkans and Asia Minor. Between 305 and 307 he attempted to play the role of ultimate policy-maker but a couple of blunders, the release of Constantine, and a confrontation with Maxentius, the son of Maximian, cost him his influence in the West and the life of one of his staunchest supporters, the Caesar Severus. Still, Galerius maintained his position in the Balkans till 311 when a serious illness, perhaps cancer, carried him away on the eve of his twentieth anniversary celebration.
Mints: Aquileia, Cyzicus, Heraclea, Carthage, Londinium, Lugdunum, Nicomedia, Ostia, Rome, Serdica, Siscia, Thessalonica, Ticinum, Treveri.
List all Galerius coins in the Catalog.